This project assesses the historical causal mechanisms shaping voluntary and involuntary female (non-)migration decisions in response to environmental risk. The objective addresses three interrelated research questions:
- How voluntary is female (non-)migration in different settings and types of households?
- By what mechanism does female (non-)migration influence the well-being of households?
- How do these mechanisms differ intergenerationally across environmental hazards?
These RQs will provide an advanced theoretical understanding of the intergenerational grounding of female environmental (non-)migration to inform more integrated interventions to support gender-inclusive adaptation planning in risky locales in the Global South, particularly for Bangladesh.